USAID pursues the goal of “better governance for equitable growth” through a development program that supports Government of Nepal in several sectors to help Nepalese achieve a better life.
Health and Family Planning - Since 1991, USAID has helped Nepal reduce its fertility rate by 20% and its child mortality rate by 40%. USAID is Government of Nepal’s lead donor of both high quality, voluntary family planning services, and of HIV/AIDS funding. In 2005, USAID plans to provide $23.54 million to increase the voluntary use of family planning, improve maternal and child health, reduce transmission of HIV in high-risk groups, monitor infectious diseases, and address the psychosocial needs of children in conflict. This funding includes $8.7 million for HIV/AIDS.
Democracy and Governance - USAID emphasizes increasing citizens’ capacity to advocate for improved policies in governance and improving the transparency and accountability of local and national government institutions. In 2005, USAID plans to provide $5.224 million to support greater local control over the conservation, management and sustainable use of Nepal's natural resources, increase civil society's role in promoting social development and human rights, implement the anti-corruption/judicial sector reform program, and launch an election/political process strengthening program. USAID continues to address the problem of trafficking of women and children through both community-based programs and transnational efforts, e.g., the South Asia Regional Initiative for Gender Equity.
Promoting Peace – USAID’s promoting peace program aims to generate employment and income opportunities in rural areas through labor-intensive infrastructure projects, improve and expand support systems for victims of the on-going conflict, strengthen national capacity to manage the peace process, and, promote community-based peace building initiatives. In 2005, USAID plans to provide $5.399 million for activities to build rural roads and water supply/irrigation systems, train community mediators in alternative dispute resolution methodologies, help the government define peace and development strategies, and provide care and support for victims of torture.
Agriculture and Natural Resources - USAID plans to provide $2.637 million in 2005 to facilitate agricultural market development, initiate policy dialog with Government of Nepal, introduce modern irrigation technology and management practices, and promote sustainable natural resource management to increase the sale of high-value agriculture and forest products of selected Western and Mid-western districts of Nepal. Sound resource management is central to reducing the poverty of and generating employment for Nepal’s 80%-rural population.
Hydropower – Harnessing Nepal’s tremendous hydropower potential is critical to sustaining the country’s long term development. In 2005, USAID plans to provide $1.7 million in training and technical assistance to improve private sector participation and investment in hydropower, promote structural and regulatory reform in the energy sector, assist in the establishment of the Power Development Fund, and promote government and private sector capacities to assess the environmental and social impacts of hydropower projects. USAID’s South Asian Regional Initiative in Energy, which addresses regional energy trade and exchange issues, complements the hydropower program.
Type of Assistance and Programming
The USAID Congressional Budget Justification (formerly referred to as the Congressional Presentation) provides statistical information on the foreign assistance programs and activities implemented by USAID (see http://www.usaid.gov/policy/budget/cbj2005/). For information about USAID’s bilateral program in Nepal, please see www.usaid.gov/np.