Combining the exhaustive list of ERP Minimum and Advanced Preparedness Actions with the matrix of OCHA activities in the OCHA-WFP L3 Project, ROAP presented the HCT with a “menu” of 19 preparedness activities. As a result, the RC and the Core Group agreed to a phased ERP roll-out and requested the OCHA Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific (ROAP) to facilitate and implement a series of preparedness actions. ROAP is working closely with the newly established HCT Core Group composed of Deputy Country Directors as well as technical staff from WFP, UNICEF, UNFPA, WHO, INGOs and IFRC, including the Nepal Red Cross. Chaired by the Head of the RCO, the aim of the Group is to improve the HCT’s ability to support a national flood response in frequently hit districts on critical, life-saving sectors: food, health, WASH, protection and shelter. The ERP Guidance provides the accountability framework for the Core Group.
Prior to the April earthquake, significant progress had been made with regard to ERP implementation (specifically related to flood risk in 2015) and planning for a possible Kathmandu Valley earthquake among in-country and regional actors. Several actions taken ahead of the 25 April earthquake played an important role in facilitating the response. These included, for instance, the consolidation of critical mapping and baseline data required for the immediate response, as well as the establishment of relationships with key Government and military counterparts.
Following the immediate earthquake response phase, the HCT has picked up flood preparedness activities in June and ahead of the onset of the monsoon season to finalise contingency planning, including an overview of available stockpiles and district profiles.