Accurate and timely information about the needs of people affected by emergencies is essential for effective design of humanitarian programmes and equitable allocation of resources. Improved assessment and analysis is expected to support the identification of acute humanitarian needs and create a solid evidence base for humanitarian decision making regarding the level and type of action required to respond to those needs. Since global resources to help deal with catastrophes are limited, it is increasingly imperative for humanitarian actors to target their assistance strategically, taking into account the severity, scale and underlying causes of the disaster.
Even though, different types of assessment attempts have been made in Nepal, there is a need to strengthen the capacity to identify and prioritize immediate life saving needs in a sufficiently timely way. Because of the diverse isolated efforts by organizations in the assessment of needs there often are ‘over-assessed victims’. Despite the fact that there are several existing assessment practices, IASC country team reiterated the need for an overall joint assessment methodology that covers all clusters to rapidly assess the needs and provides sufficient detail based on core indicators to be able to make well informed decisions.
To address these issues, Initial Rapid Assessment (IRA), also knows as Multi-cluster Initial Rapid Assessment (MIRA) MIRA was known as IRA till 2008. It was later called as MIRA adhering to the global acronyms starting from IASC Nepal, 27 March 2009, Multi Sectoral Rapid Assessment way forward Meeting, was developed by IASC in 2008.