The country is relatively ranked very high in terms of vulnerability to natural calamities. The risk is believed to be increasing rapidly mainly due to the growth in population, especially in urban and urbanizing areas. In Nepal floods create the largest disasters, earthquakes are the deadliest ones, fire causes the largest material losses and civil unrest induces the heaviest economic impede in the country.
Given the above situation, there is a need for United Nations (UN) agencies to be prepared to support the Government of Nepal (GON) in responding to emergency situations in a coordinated, timely and appropriate manner to reduce the negative impacts of a disaster. This Contingency Plan outlines the joint UN clusters’ response to natural disaster as well as complex emergency scenarios.