Nepal became an International Organization for Migration (IOM) member state in 2006. In 2007, the Government of Nepal (GoN) and the IOM signed a memorandum of understanding to encourage cooperation and the delivery of services to Nepal, which is a country of origin, transit and destination of migration. The IOM’s initial focus was on the resettlement of Bhutanese refugees. Since then, the organization’s staff has grown to 487 (including 461 national staff, 1 UN volunteers and 25 international staff), and the IOM has diversified its areas of cooperation with the GoN into additional fields which include Forced Migration, Facilitating Migration, Migration & Development, and Regulating Migration.
On 25 April and 12 May 2015, devastating earthquakes measuring 7.8 and 7.3 Richter killed at least 8,790 people and destroyed 498,852 houses across Nepal. Together with local communities, humanitarian organizations and the GoN, the IOM launched relief activities to meet the needs of those affected.
Refugees and displaced persons are a distinct category of "people on the move" deserving special attention. The International Organization for Migration (IOM) is actively assisting refugee populations during and after emergencies, as was the case in Kosovo and Timor. The IOM also facilitates the resettlement each year of thousands of refugees for whom resettlement in a new country is the approved durable solution. The IOM is regularly asked to help find solutions for internally displaced persons (IDPs), former combatants, victims of ethnic engineering and populations in transition or recovery environments. It also locates and assists widely scattered voters to enable them to take part in elections and referenda. The IOM has large programs and acknowledged expertise in post-war claims and compensation.
Mobility is an essential feature of today’s world. Integrated world markets, the emergence of transnational networks and the rapid growth of communication technologies all contribute to the increasing movement of both high and low-skilled workers, students, trainees, families and tourists. The demographic and social structure in the industrialized world has created the need for workers and professionals from other countries. Large-scale migration for work represents potentially difficult adjustments, but economies that desire to remain competitive cannot ignore the need for change. Facilitating migration for work can be a win-win proposition. The International Organization for Migration (IOM) provides policy and technical advice to governments on the regulation of migrant labour and other migratory movements, and carries out programs to assist governments and migrants with selection/recruitment, language and cultural orientation, consular services, training, reception, integration and return. These services, tailored to each program, are provided during all stages of the process: information and application, interview and approval, and post-approval. The IOM has performed over 1.5 million immigration medical evaluations around the world and provides logistic and travel assistance to migrants.
Migration & Development
The relationship between countries of origin and their overseas communities is key to successful development. The International Organization for Migration’s (IOM) goal in this field is to harness the development potential of migration for individual migrants and societies. We work by promoting international policy dialogue, policy-oriented research and programs that strengthen the administrative and managerial capacity of governments. Program activities include improving remittance management, building human capital through labour migration programs, return and reintegration of qualified nationals, capacity building for governments and empowerment of migrant women.
Regulating governments and societies have an interest in knowing who is seeking access to their territories. The objective is to take measures that prevent access by those who are not authorized to enter, while facilitating speedy access for those who are. The International Organization for Migration (IOM) assists governments in the development and implementation of migration policy, legislation and administrative mechanisms. To this end, the IOM provides technical assistance and training for governmental migration managers on border management, visa systems, regulating entry and stay and collecting and using biometric information. Replacing irregular flows with orderly, regular migration serves the interests of all governments, and the IOM can offer a broad range of programs to counter trafficking and smuggling of human beings, from prevention to assisting the victims. The IOM also implements programs to facilitate the voluntary return and reintegration of displaced and stranded persons and other migrants, taking into account the needs and concerns of local communities.
Nepal Earthquake Response 2015
As a result of the devastating earthquakes that affected Nepal in April and May 2015, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) - as one of the world's key humanitarian responders – quickly reacted by deploying a rapid response team of experts and promptly launched the Relief, Recovery and Reconstruction (RRR) Program to efficiently and timely respond to the pressing needs in the aftermath of the earthquakes. The RRR program includes a wide range of activities in the interrelated and mutually supporting fields of Shelter, Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM), Health and Psychosocial Support, Protection and Early Recovery.
Kathmandu and Damak, Jhapa