The Department for International Development (DFID) is that part of the UK Government that manages Britain's aid to poor countries and works to get rid of extreme poverty. In order to better understand and address the issues of poverty in Nepal, in April 1999 DFID established an in-country office staffed by a multi-disciplinary team of both UK nationals and staff appointed in country. DFID presence in Nepal has greatly assisted in working with GoN and other donors in the development of understanding and establishment of networks that will promote opportunities for change.
The DFID programme addresses the main causes of poverty, focusing on the following areas:
DFID Nepal’s focus based on the interim CAP is on education, health, road infrastructure, support to Nepal Peace Trust Fund, and decentralized service delivery. With focus on sector wide approaches and budgetary support, DFID support will cover all Nepal. However direct project assistance is focused on mid and far western Nepal, which inhabits about 3/4th of the poor people of Nepal.
Type of assistance and programming
The assistance of DFID generally comes through an Exchange of Letters for each individual commitment. DFID’s development assistance programme in Nepal is designed to reduce poverty and social exclusion and thus contribute to establishing the basis for a lasting peace. The programme covers work to support governance reforms; improve basic services for poor people (including basic education, health, water and sanitation, agriculture and rural infrastructure); and activities in support of peace building and conflict resolution.
DFID has assisted Nepal in the areas of livelihoods, e.g., agriculture, forestry, transport and communications, local development; basic services, e.g., education, health, water supply and sanitation,; good governance, human rights and peace building efforts; and social inclusion. DFID is one of pooling donors in support of the Government of Nepal Education For All (EFA) programme, the first sector wide support to Nepal. DFID also jointly work with other donors in country. Besides this DFID Nepal and the World Bank jointly support the Government of Nepal in implementing the Nepal Health Sector Programme. This is a sector budget support.