The Nepal Risk Reduction Consortium (NRRC) is a Unique arrangement that unites humanitarian and development partners with financial institutions in partnership with the Government of Nepal in order to reduce Nepal's vulnerability to natural disasters. Based on the Hyogo Framework and Nepal's National Strategy for Disaster Risk Management, the NRRC has identified 5 flagship priorities for sustainable disaster risk management.
Led by Asian Development Bank, Ministry of Education, World Health Organization and the Ministry of Health, Flagship 1 aims to build the earthquake resilience of schools and hospitals through retrofitting, training, awareness raising and safety measures that ensure these buildings are operational after a major disaster. These efforts will protect the most vulnerable from a major disaster while ensuring critical hospital services remain intact.
Current assessments suggest that a major earthquake in Kathmandu will result in the deaths of 100,000 people, hundreds of thousands injured and close to 1 million displaced. In order to reduce and respond to these devastating effects, Flagship 2, led by UNOCHA and the Ministry of Home Affairs, seeks to enhance the Government of Nepal's preparedness and response capabilities at the national, regional and local level.
In 2008, a major flood in the Koshi river basin displaced nearly 60,000 families and caused massive loss in livelihoods. Under Flagship 3, led by the World Bank and the Ministry of Irrigation, the initiatives focus on both the short term goal of strengthening institutional capacities while improving flood management and mitigation in the long term with the aim of protecting Nepal from flood related disasters and sustaining development.
Communities are the first responders to natural disasters and require the skills and resources to effectively mitigate, prepare and respond to disasters. Led by the International Federation of Red Cross/Red Crescent Societies and the Ministry of Local Development, Flagship 4 has the ambitious aim of making 1000 Village Development Committees (VDCs) disaster resilient by using an agreed upon set of characteristics for disaster resilience.
Sustainable disaster risk management in Nepal requires strengthened policies and institutional capacity. The United Nations Development Programme and the Ministry of Home Affairs lead Flagship 5 with the aim of enhancing the Government of Nepal's disaster risk management capacity centrally and at the municipal and local level. This important task includes strengthening building codes and land use planning, and improving national institutions for disaster risk management.